Everything You Need To Know About Terpenes March 5, 2018 – Posted in: Grow Guide – Tags: Aroma, Scent, Terpenes, Terpenoids
Everything You Need To Know About Terpenes
Part 1: Introduction
By Bud Flowers
Have you ever considered what gives Cannabis its distinct aroma and taste? Or perhaps why varying genetic strains have different scents and flavors? This is something we generally don’t think about much, yet we should. The stereotypical scent of cannabis that excites your olfactory sense comes from a specific group of aromatic hydrocarbons known simply as ‘Terpenes’. Besides the wonderful scent they exude, research has proven that they offer positive health benefits that are worth exploring.
In terms of Cannabis, every strain has a specific ‘terp profile’. Pineapple Express. Lemon Haze. Blueberry. You name it. These are a few genetic strains that exist amongst the canna-copia of products that are available to a consumer with varying ‘terp’ profiles. Let’s start off with some basics.
Terpenes vs Terpenoids
It is important to make a distinction between these two terms right off the bat. Although the terms are used interchangeably, here is the easiest way to understand the difference. Terpenes are hydrocarbons, and are wet. Terpenoids are also known as isoprenoids. They are created after your bud is dried and cured, therefore, terpenoids are dry. That’s basically it.
We will stick to using the term ‘terpenes’ to avoid any confusion for this article, and future blog posts.
What Are Terpenes?
Terpenes are the most numerous and structurally diverse natural products found in many plants. They are especially abundant in cannabis. They also provide a wide array of very important pharmacological properties (https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128021040000111). Over 200 terpenes have been identified in Cannabis, while modern research continues discover more. With the exception of one specific terpene, the rest can be found throughout nature.
Terpenes primarily exist to give cannabis an evolutionary advantage in nature. They repel insects and animals that would otherwise eat the cannabis plant. Other terpenes prevent fungus from growing on the plant.
Those are the basics.
The next few articles in our Terpene Series will focus on the specific benefits of unique terpenes. Stay tuned!
Check out one of our most helpful Blog Posts related to growing cannabis from seed HERE